All Issue

2018 Vol.63, Issue 3 Preview Page
September 2018. pp. 265-271
Abstract
We investigated the effect of paclobutrazol (PB) and prohexadione-Ca (PC) on seed yield, and the content of oils and endogenous gibberellin in flax grown in a greenhouse. Flax seedlings were cultivated in a greenhouse with average ambient temperature ranging from 35℃ to 38℃ during the growing period, and then PB and PC were applied on the leaves. The height of flax plants was reduced significantly by the foliar application of PB and PC. The highest ripening seed rate recorded was 94.5% with 2000 ppm PC; a 10.3% increase compared with that of the control. Both PB and PC markedly increased the fructification of flax seed. The application of two plant growth retardants resulted in higher seed production in flax seedlings grown in open field than in those grown in a greenhouse. The highest oil content was observed in flax treated with PC, whereas, the lowest oil content was observed in flax treated with PB. The oil content and ratio of unsaturated fatty acids were higher in flax seedlings grown in greenhouse than in those grown in open field. The level of two endogenous bioactive gibberellins (GA1 and GA4) in flax seeds decreased with the application of PB and PC. The flax plants treated with PB and PC presented higher secoisolariciresinol diglucoside content than that of the control. The optimal concentration of PC was found to be 2000 ppm. In conclusion, the foliar application of 2000 ppm PC might be useful in increasing oil content and seed production in flax plants.
References
  1. Al-Gharbi, A. S. and I. R. Yousif. 1989. Effect of nitrogen and growth regulators on seed yield and quality of sunflower. Zanco, 2 : 51.
  2. Dippenaar, M. C., C. R. Nolte, and C. 1990. Barnard: Controlling excessive growth in cotton by multiple applications of low concentrations of mepiquat chloride. South Afr. J. Plant Soil 7 : 50-54.https://doi.org/10.1080/02571862.1990.10634537
  3. Fan, S., X. Yuzhang, and Z. Chaojun: 1999. Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the development of cotton bolls in summer. Acta Gossypii Sinica 11 : 24-30.
  4. Hafner, V. 2001. Moddus-universal product for lodging prevention in cereals. 5th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection. Catez ob Savi, Slovenia. 6-8 March. 167-172.
  5. Hatje, G. 1989. World importance of oil crops and their products. In Robbellen, G., R.K. Downey and A. Ashri (eds.), Oil Crops of the World; Their Breeding and Utilization, McGraw- Hill Pub. Co., New York, USA. pp. 1-21.
  6. Hedden, P. and Y. Kamiya. 1997. Gibberellin biosynthesis: enzymes, genes and their regulation. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 48 : 431-460.https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.48.1.43115012270
  7. Hitz, W. D., T. J. Carlson, J. J. R. Booth, A. J. Kinney, K. L. Stecca, and N. S. Yadav. 1994. Cloning of a higher- plant plastid [omega]-6 fatty acid desaturase cDNA and its expression in a Cyanobacterium. Plant Physiol. 105 : 635- 641.https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.105.2.6358066133PMC159404
  8. Hodges, H. F., V. R. Reddy, and K. R. Reddy. 1991. Mepiquat chloride and temperature effects on photosynthesis and respiration of fruiting cotton. Crop Sci. 31 : 1302-1308.https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1991.0011183X003100050044x
  9. Jaleel, C., A. M. A. Salema, M. Hasanuzzamanc, and K. Nahard. 2010. Plant growth regulator interactions results enhancement of antioxidant enzymes in Catharanthus roseus. J. Plant Interactions. 5 : 135-145.https://doi.org/10.1080/17429140903377456
  10. Jung, J. B. and W. V. Amsberg. 1975. Biological activity of new onium compounds in cotton and other crops. In Abstracts. Meeting of the Plant Growth Regulator Working Group, Sullivan E.F. (ed.), Longmont, Co., Chicago, IL (USA), p. 13.
  11. Kerby, T. A. 1985. Cotton response to mepiquat chloride. Agron. J. 77 : 515-518.https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1985.00021962007700040003x
  12. Kim, S. K., E. Y. Sohn, and I. J. Lee. 2009. Quantification of endogenous gibberellins in two flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) cultivars during seed development. J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 12 : 43-46.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-009-0074-z
  13. Kim, S. K., H. D. Lee, and H. J. Choi. 2011. Effect of mepiquat chloride and trinexapac-ethyl on oil composition, seed yield and endogenous gibberellins in flax. Korean J. Plant Res. 24 : 696-701.https://doi.org/10.7732/kjpr.2011.24.6.696
  14. Kim, S. K. and H. Y. Kim. 2014. Effect of gibberellin biosynthetic inhibitors on oil, secoisolaresonolodiglucoside, seed yield and endogenous gibberellin content in flax. Korean J. Plant Res. 27 : 229-235.https://doi.org/10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.3.229
  15. Lee, I. J., K. R. Foster, and P. W. Morgan. 1998. Photoperiod control of gibberellin levels and flowering in sorghum. Plant Physiol. 116 : 1003-1010.https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.116.3.10039501132PMC35069
  16. Lubna, S. Asaf, M. Hamayun, H. Gul, I. J. Lee, and A. Hussain. 2018. Aspergillus niger CSR3 regulates plant endogenous hormones and secondary metabolites by producing gibberellins and indoleacetic acid. J. Plant Interactions 13 : 100-111.https://doi.org/10.1080/17429145.2018.1436199
  17. Matysiak, K. 2006. Influence of trinexapac-ethyl on growth and development of winter wheat. J. Plant Protection Research 46 : 133-143.
  18. Meagher, L. P., G. R. Beecher, V. P. Flanagan, and B. W. Li. 1999. Isolation and characterization of the lignans isolariciresinol and pinoresinol in flaxseed meal. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47 : 3173-3180.https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981359y10552626
  19. Nepomuceno, A. L., D. M. Oosterhuis, and A. Steger. 1997. Duration of activity of the plant growth regulators PGR-IV and mepiquat chloride, special report—Agricultural Experiment Station, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas. 183 : 136-139.
  20. Osman, R. O. and B. H. Abu-Lila. 1985. Studies on the effect of gibberellic acid and cycocel on flax plants (Linum usitatissimum L.), seed oil content and oil composition. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 155 : 82-88.
  21. Osman, R. O. and F. A. Ahmed. 1982. Biochemical studies on the effect of B9 on sesame plants. Ann. Fac. Agric., Ain Shams Univ. 28, 517.
  22. Peterson, J., J. Dwyer, H. Adlercreutz, A. Scalbert, P. Jacques, and M. L. McCullough. 2010. Dietary lignans: physiology and potential for cardiovascular disease risk reduction. Nutr Rev. 68 : 571-603.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2010.00319.x20883417PMC2951311
  23. Pípolo, A. E., M. L. F. Athayde, V. C. Pípolo, and S. Parducci. 1993. Comparison of different rates of chlorocholine chloride applied to Herbaceous Cotton. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 28 : 915-923.
  24. Qian, Y. L. 1998. Trinexapac-ethyl restricts shoot growth and improves quality of ‘Diamond’ zoysiagrass under shade. Hort. Sci. 33 : 1019-1022.
  25. Rademacher, W. 2000. Growth retardants: effects on gibberellins biosynthesis and other metabolic pathways. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 51 : 501-531.https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.51.1.50115012200
  26. Reddy, V. R., A. Trent, and B. Acock. 1992. Mepiquat chloride and irrigation versus cotton growth and development. Agron. J. 84 : 930-933.https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1992.00021962008400060004x
  27. Sawan, Z. M., R. A. Sakr, F. A. Ahmed and A. M. Abd-Al- Samad. 1991. Effect of 1,1-dimethyl piperidinium chloride (Pix) on the seed, protein, oil and fatty acids of Egyptian cotton. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 166 : 157-161.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.1991.tb00899.x
  28. Simmonda, N. W. 1976. Evolution of Crop Plants. Longman Inc., New York, USA. p. 64.
  29. Singh, H., S. C. Chandra, and R. S. Jolly. 1987. Effect of growth regulators in relation to time of sowing and yield of soybean cultivars. Ann. Biol. 3 : 36-43.
  30. Stuart, B. L., V. R. Isbell, C. W. Wendt, and J. R. Abernathy. 1984. Modification of cotton water relations and growth with mepiquat chloride. Agron. J. 76 : 651-655.https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1984.00021962007600040034x
  31. Wang, Z. L., Y. P. Yin, and X. Z. Sun. 1995. The effect of DPC (N,N-dimethyl piperidinium chloride) on the 14CO2-assimilation and partitioning of 14C assimilates within the cotton plants interplanted in a wheat stand. Photosynthetica 31 : 197-202.
  32. Willard, J. M., M. Schroeder, J. Thompson, J. Daniel, and C. Carter. 1976. Effects of 1,1-dimethyl piperidinium chloride (BAS 083 00 E) of cotton yield and development. In Abstracts. Meeting of the Plant Growth Regulator Working Group. Sullivan E.F. (ed.), Longmont, Co., LA. (USA). p. 8.
  33. Wu, L. Y., Z. H. Chen, Y. N. Yuan, and H. Y. Hu. 1985. A comparison of physiological effects of DPC and CCC on cotton plants. Plant Physiol. Commun. 5 : 17-19.
  34. Zafirova, T., C. Christov, and V. Iliev. 1987. The influence of some growth regulators on the sunflower production. In Proceedings of the International Symposium of Plant Growth Regulators, Lilov, D., G. Vassilev, C. Christov, A. T. Sofia, Bulgaria and M. Popov (eds.), Institute of Plant Physiology pp. 797-800.
Information
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국작물학회
  • Journal Title :The Korean Journal of Crop Science
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국작물학회지
  • Volume : 63
  • No :3
  • Pages :265-271
  • Received Date :2018. 04. 18
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 09. 03