All Issue

2018 Vol.63, Issue 2 Preview Page
June 2018. pp. 140-148

As the global warming causing desertification increase, there is growing concern about damage of crops. It was to investigate how the treatment with hydrogen peroxide before leaf development affects the growth and yield of sorghum for minimizing a damage of crops to drought. The germination experiment was conducted at alternating temperature of 25℃/20℃(12 hr/12 hr) under water stress condition of 0 ~ -0.20 MPa adjusted with PEG solution containing 0 and 10 mM H2O2. In order to know the effect of foliar application of hydrogen peroxide on the growth of sorghum, 10 mM hydrogen peroxide was treated to leaves at 3-leaf stage of sorghum growing in greenhouse conditions. Seed germination rate was increased by 20% in hydrogen peroxide treatment as compared to the Control. under water stress conditions (-0.15 ~ -0.20 MPa). The length of seedlings was also on the rise by the hydrogen peroxide treatment. In the greenhouse pot experiment, the morphological characteristics (plant height, stem diameter, leaf length, and leaf number) and physiological characteristics (chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm), stomatal conductance) were higher in the plants treated with hydrogen peroxide under the drought stress condition than those of plants of H2O treatment. Experiment conducted with the soil moisture gradient system showed that the foliar application of hydrogen peroxide increased photosynthetic ability of sorghum plant with respect to SPAD value and stomatal conductance and rooting capacity (root weight and root length) under drought condition. Generally, hydrogen peroxide treatment in sorghum increased the tolerance to drought stress and maintained better growth due to ameliorating oxidative stress.

  1. Abass S. M. and H. I. Mohamed. 2011. Alleviation of adverse effects of drought stress on common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by exogenous application of hydrogen peroxide. Bangladesh J. Bot. 41 : 75-83.10.3329/bjb.v40i1.8001
  2. Ali G. M. and M. Setsuko. 2006. Proteomic analysis of rice leaf sheath during drought stress. J. Proteome Res. 5 : 396-403.10.1021/pr050291g
  3. Azevedo Neto A. D., J. T. Prisco, J. Eneas-Filho, J. V. Medeiros, and E. Gomes-Filho. 2005. Hydrogen peroxide pre-treatment induces salt-stress acclimation in maize plants. J. Plant Physiol. 162 : 1114-1122.10.1016/j.jplph.2005.01.007PMid:16255169
  4. Beck C., J. Grieser, M. Kottek, F. Rubel, and B. Rudolf. 2006. Characterizing global climate change by means of Koppen climate classification. Deutscher Wetterdienst. 3 : 413-423.
  5. Bosabalidis A. M. and G. Kofidis. 2002. Comparative effects of drought stress on leaf anatomy of two olive cultivars. Plant Sci. 163 : 375-379.10.1016/S0168-9452(02)00135-8
  6. Brestic M., G. Cornic, M. J. Fryer, and N. R. Baker. 1995. Does photorespiration protect the photosynthetic apparatus in French bean leaves from photoinhibition during drought stress. Planta 196 : 450-457.10.1007/BF00203643
  7. Chang H. G. and Y. S. Park. 2005. Effects of waxy and normal sorghum flours on sponge cake properties. Food Eng. Prog. 9 : 199-207.
  8. Chaves M. M., J. Flexas, and C. Pinheiro. 2009. Photosynthesis under drought and salt stress: Regulation mechanisms from whole plant to cell. Ann. Bot. 103 : 551-560.10.1093/aob/mcn12518662937PMC2707345
  9. Choi W. Y., Y. W. Kwon, and J. H. Park. 1997. Grain yield and physiological responses of water stress at reproductive stage in barley. Korean J. Crop Sci. 42 : 263-269.
  10. Djanaguiraman M., J. A. Sheeba, A. K. Shanker, D. D. Devi, and U. Bangarusamy. 2006. Rice can acclimate to lethal level of salinity by pretreatment with sublethal level of salinity through osmotic adjustment. Plant Soil 284 : 363-373. 10.1007/s11104-006-0043-y
  11. Egamberdieva D., M. Reckling, and S. Wirth. 2016. Biochar-based Bradyrhizobium inoculum improves growth of lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) under drought stress. Euro. J. Soil Biol. 78 : 38-42.10.1016/j.ejsobi.2016.11.007
  12. Ejeta G. and J. E. Knoll. 2007. Marker-assisted selection in sorghum. In: Varshney, R. K., Tuberosa, R. (Eds.), Genomics-Assisted Crop Improvement. springer, Netherlands. pp. 187-205.10.1007/978-1-4020-6297-1_9
  13. Faize M., L. Burgos, L. Faize, A. Piqueras, E. Nicolas, G. Barba-Espin, M. J. Clemente-Moreno, R. Alcobendas, T. Artlip, and J. A. Hernandez. 2011. Involvement of cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase and Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase for improved tolerance against drought stress. J. Exp. Bot. 62 : 2599-2613.10.1007/978-1-4020-6297-1_921239380
  14. Gregorio B. E., A. H. José, and D. V. Pedro. 2012. Role of H2O2 in pea seed germination. Plant Signal. Behav. 7 : 193-195.10.4161/psb.1888122415047PMC3405688
  15. Kim K. O., H. S. Kim, and H. S. Ryu. 2006. Effect of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench (sorghum, su-su) water extracts on mouse immune cell activation. J. Korean Diet. Assoc. 12 : 82-88.
  16. Lu H. and V. J. Higgins. 1999. The effect of hydrogen peroxide on the viability of tomato cells and of the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathology. 54 : 131-43.10.1006/pmpp.1998.0195
  17. Michel B. E. and M. R. Kaufmann. 1973. The osmotic potential of polyethylene glycol 6000. Plant Physiol. 51 : 914-916.10.1104/pp.51.5.91416658439PMC366375
  18. Pandolfi C., S. Mancuso, and S. Shabala. 2012. Physiology of acclimation to salinity stress in pea (Pisum sativum). Environ. Exp. Bot. 84 : 44-51. 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.04.015
  19. Park M. E. 1995. The effect of soil moisture stress on the growth of barley and grain quality. Korean J. Soil. Sci. Fert. 28 : 165-175.
  20. Saglam A., A. Kadioglu, M. Demiralay, and R. Terzi. 2014. Leaf rolling reduces photosynthetic loss in maize under severe drought. Acta Bot. Croat. 73 : 315-332.10.2478/botcro-2014-0012
  21. Uchida A., A. T. Jagendorf, T. Hibino, and T. Takabe. 2002. Effects of hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide on both salt and heat stress tolerance in rice. Plant Sci. 63 : 515-523.10.1016/S0168-9452(02)00159-0
  22. Wahid A., M. Perveen, S. Gelani, and S. M. Basra. 2007. Pretreatment of seed with H2O2 improves salt tolerance of wheat seedlings by alleviation of oxidative damage and expression of stress proteins. J. Plant. Physiol. 164 : 283-294.10.1016/j.jplph.2006.01.00516545492
  23. Woo Y. H., H. J. Kim, T. Y. Kim, K. D. Kim, Y. C. Huh, H. Chun, I. H. Cho, Y. I. Nam, K. D. Ko, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Hong. 2006. The influence of hydrogen peroxide treatment on water stress, photosynthesis and thermotolerance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) in greenhouse cultivation during summer. J. VIB. Control. 15 : 39-45.
  24. Woo Y. H., H. J. Kim, Y. C. Huh, T. Y. Kim, K. D. Kim, I. H. Cho, K. D. Ko, K. H. Lee, and K. H. Hong. 2005. Effect of high temperature adaptable improvement on cucumber (Cucumis sativus) of greenhouse according to hydrogen peroxide treatment at summer. J. VIB. Control. 14 : 95-99.
  25. Yordanov I., V. Velikova, and T. Tsonev. 2000. Plant responses to drought, acclimation, and stress tolerance. Photosynthetica 38 : 171-186.10.1023/A:1007201411474
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국작물학회
  • Journal Title :The Korean Journal of Crop Science
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국작물학회지
  • Volume : 63
  • No :2
  • Pages :140-148
  • Received Date :2018. 02. 22
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 03. 26