All Issue

2018 Vol.63, Issue 3 Preview Page
September 2018. pp. 229-238
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of nitrogen fertilization amount and timing of application on protein content, dough properties, change in protein fraction, and bread loaf volume for Korean wheat cultivars, Baekkang, Joongmo2008, and Saekeumkang, for bread with a superior gluten composition during the grain filling stage. Protein content increased with an increase in the amount of N and timing of application. The SDS segmentation volume (SDSS) increased with an increase in N, but there was no effect of the timing of N application on SDSS. An increase in N amount and timing of application caused a difference in dough properties, such as water absorption, mixing time, and tolerance, among the cultivars. Soluble and insoluble polymeric and monomeric protein contents increased with an increase in N amount and timing of application the three Korean wheat cultivars. The effects of N amount and application timing on bread loaf volume (BLV) varied among the cultivars. The BLV of Saekeumkang increased regardless of the N amount and timing of application, but that of Baekkang and Joongmo2008 cultivars was reduced. However, there was a positive correlation between protein content with the addition of N fertilization and BLV. In addition, SDSS, mixing time, and protein fractions were positively correlated with BLV. Since the response of fertilizer conditions was different for each wheat cultivar, it is necessary to build a suitable fertilizing system for each of them. Additionally, since the environment is changing, such as abnormal climate during the maturing period, research is needed to establish appropriate fertilizer conditions for varieties of bread wheat.
References
  1. American Association of Cereal Chemists International. 2010. Approved Methods of Analysis, 11th Ed. Methods 10-10.03, 44-15.02, 46-30.01, 54-40.02, and 56-60.01 Available online only. AACCI: St. Paul, MN, USA.
  2. Axford, D. W. E., E. E. McDermott, and D. G. Redman. 1979. Note on the sodium dodecyl sulfate test of breadmaking quality: Comparison with Pelschenke and Zeleny tests. Cereal Chem. 56 : 582-584.
  3. Baik, B-K., Z. Czchajowska, and Y. Pomeranz. 1994. An SDS- FY test to evaluate quality of wheat oriental noodles. J. Cereal Sci. 19 : 191-201.https://doi.org/10.1006/jcrs.1994.1059
  4. Borghi, B., M. Corbellini, C. Minoia, M. Palumbo, N. D. Fonzo, and M. Perenzin. 1997. Effects of mediterranean climate on wheat bread-making quality. Eur. J. Agro. 6 : 145-154.https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(96)02040-0
  5. Cao, C. F., L. C. Kong, J. L. Wang, B. Zhao, and Z. Zhao. 2005. Effects of nitrogen on yield, quality and nutritive absorption of middle and strong gluten wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Sci. 11 : 46-50 (in Chinese).
  6. Chope, G. A., Y. Wan, S. P. Penson, D. G Bhandari, S. J. Powers, P. R. Shwery, and M. J. Hawkesford. 2014. Effects of genotype, season, and nitrogen nutrition on gene expression and protein accumulation in wheat grain. J. Agri. Food Chem. 62 : 4399-4407.https://doi.org/10.1021/jf500625c
  7. Daniel, C. and E. Triboi. 2000. Effects of temperature and nitrogen nutrition on the grain composition of winter wheat: Effects on gliadin content and composition. J. Cereal Sci. 32 : 45-56.https://doi.org/10.1006/jcrs.2000.0313
  8. Efretuei, A., M. Gooding, E. White, J. Spink, and R. Hackett. 2016. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer application timing on nitrogen use efficiency and grain yield of winter wheat in Ireland. Irish J. Agric. Food Res. 55 : 63-73.https://doi.org/10.1515/ijafr-2016-0006
  9. Finney, K. F. and M. D. Shogren. 1972. A ten-gram mixograph for determining and predicting functional properties of wheat flours. Baker’s Dig. 46 : 32-35, 38, 42, 77.
  10. Garrido-Lestache, E., R. J. López-Bellido, and L. López-Bellido. 2004. Effect of N rate, timing and splitting and N type on bread-making quality in hard red spring wheat under rainfed mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Res. 85 : 213-236.https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00167-9
  11. Gibson, T. S., H. Al Qalla, and B. V. McCleary. 1992. An improved enzymic method for the measurement of starch damage in wheat flour. J. Cereal Sci. 15 : 15-27.https://doi.org/10.1016/S0733-5210(09)80053-2
  12. Grahmann, K., B. Govaerts, S. Fonteyne, C. Guzmnán, A. P. G. Soto, A. Buerkert, and N. Verhulst. 2016. Nitrogen fertilizer placement and timing affects bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) quality and yield in an irrigated bed planting system. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. Published online.
  13. Gu, F., R. G. Cai, Y. P. Yin, M. Zhang, Y. S. Li, and Z. L. Wang. 2010. Effects of nitrogen application rates on starch composition and pasting properties of high quality wheat. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Sci. 16 : 41-50.
  14. Gupta, R. B., K. Khan, and F. Macritchie. 1993. Biochemical basis of flour properties in bread wheat. I. Effects of variation in the quantity and size distribution of polymeric protein. J. Cereal Sci. 18 : 23-41.https://doi.org/10.1006/jcrs.1993.1031
  15. Haile, D., D. Nigussie, and A. Ayana. 2012. Nitrogen use efficiency of bread wheat: Effects of nitrogen rate and time of application. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutri. 12 : 389-409.
  16. Hogg, T. J. and P. Ackerman. 1998. Late nitrogen application to improve grain protein of irrigated Sceptre durum wheat. In Fowler, D. B., W. E. Geddes, A. M. Johnston, and K. R. Preston (Eds.), Proceedings of the wheat protein symposium on production and marketing. Univeristy of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, pp. 291-297.
  17. Jia, Y., V. Masbou, T. Aussenac, J. Fabre, and P. Debaeke. 1996. Effect of nitrogen fertilization and maturation conditions on protein aggregates and on the bread making quality of seasons, a common wheat cultivar. 1996. Cereal Chem. 73 : 123-130.
  18. Johansson, E., M. L. Prieto-Linde, and J. Ö. Jönsson. 2001. Effects of wheat cultivar and nitrogen application on storage protein composition and bread-making quality. Cereal Chem. 78 : 19-25.https://doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM.2001.78.1.19
  19. Johansson, E., M. L. Prieto-Linde, and G. Svensson. 2004. Influence of nitrogen application rate and timing on grain protein composition and gluten strength in Swedish wheat cultivars. J. Plant Nutrition Soil Sci. 167 : 345-350.https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200320332
  20. Kang, C. S., C. S. Park, J. C. Park, H. S. Kim, Y. G. Jung, K. H. Kim, K. H. Park, and J. G. Kim. 2010. Flour characteristics and end-use quality of Korean wheat cultivars II. End-use properties. Korean J. Breed. Sci. 42 : 75-86.
  21. Kang, C. S., K. H. Kim, Y. W. Seo, S. H. Woo, M. R. Heo, B. K. Choo, J. N. Hyun, K. J. Kim, and C. S. Park. 2014. Current regional cultural situation and evaluation of grain characteristics of Korean wheat. I. Survey of production practices in Korean wheat cultivar growers by region. Korean J. Crop Sci. 59 : 1-15. https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2014.59.1.001
  22. Kim, K. H., C. S. Kang, Y. W. Seo, S. H. Woo, M. R. Heo, B. K. Choo, J. N. Hyun, K. J. Kim, and C. S. Park. 2014. Current regional cultural situation and evaluation of grain characteristics of Korean wheat. II. Grain characteristics collected in domestic wheat cultivar grown in Korea. Korean J. Crop Sci. 58 : 239-252.https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2014.59.3.239https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2013.58.3.239
  23. Kindred, D. R., T. M. O. Verhoeven, R. M. Weightman, J. S. Swanston, R. C. Agu, J. M. Brosnan, and R. Sylvester- Bradley. 2008. Effect of variety and fertilizer nitrogen on alcohol yield, grain yield, starch and protein content, and protein composition of winter wheat. J. Cereal Sci. 48 : 46-57.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2007.07.010
  24. Lim, J. T., J. H. Chang, J. H. Ryu, D. Y. Chung, and J. W. Cho. 2014. The effect of nitrogen rates on the growth and yield of maize in agricultural fields with the stream. Korean J. Crop Sci. 59 : 101-108.https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2014.59.1.101
  25. López-Bellido, L., R. J. López-Bellido, J. E. Castillo, and F. J. LópezBellido. 2001. Effects of long-term tillage, crop rotation and nitrogen fertilization on bread-making quality of hard red spring wheat. Field Crops Res. 72 : 197-210.https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(01)00177-0
  26. Luo, C., G. Branlard, W. B. Griffin, and D. L. McNeil. 2000. The effect of nitrogen and Sulphur fertilisation and their interaction with genotype on wheat glutenins and quality parameters. J. Cereal Sci. 31 : 185-194.https://doi.org/10.1006/jcrs.1999.0298
  27. Ma, D., T. Guo, Z. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang. 2009. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer application rate on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) flour quality and Chinese noodle quality. J. Food Agri. 89 : 1213-1220.https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3578
  28. McCleary, B. V., T. S. Gibson, and D. C. Mugford. 1997. Measurement of total starch in cereal products by amyloglucosidase-α-amylase method: Collaborative study. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 80 : 571-579.
  29. MAFRA. 2017. Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs statistical yearbook. pp. 311-312.
  30. Mohan, D., and P. K. Gupta. 2015. Gluten characteristics imparting bread quality in wheats differing for high molecular weight glutenin subunits at Glu D1 locus. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plant. 21 : 447-451.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-015-0298-y
  31. Ransom, J., S. Simsek, B. Schatz, E. Eriksmoen, G. Mehring, and I. Mutukwa. 2016. Effect of a post-anthesis foliar application of nitrogen on grain protein and milling and baking quality of spring wheat. American J. Plant Sci. 7 : 2505-2514.https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2016.717218
  32. RDA. 2012. Standard of research and analysis for agricultural technology. pp. 339-365.
  33. Roh, Y. J., D. Y. Chung, J. H. Ryu, J. D. So, and J. W. Cho. 2015. The effects of nitrogen rates on the growth and yield of waxy corn after cultivating hairy vetch in agricultural fields with the stream. Korean J. Crop Sci. 60 : 333-337.https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.3.333
  34. Scheromm, P., G. Martin, A. Bergoin, and J. C. Autran. 1992. Influence of nitrogen fertilization on the potential bread- baking quality of two wheat cultivars differing in their responses to increasing nitrogen supplies. Cereal Chem. 69 : 664-670.
  35. Thomason, W. E., S. B. Phillips, T. H. Pridgen, J. C. Kenner, C. A. Griffey, B. R. Beahm, and B. W. Seabourn. 2007. Managing nitrogen and sulfur fertilization for improved bread wheat quality in humid environments. Cereal Chem. 84:450-462.https://doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM-84-5-0450
  36. Tipples, K. H., S. Dubetz, and G. N. Irvine. 1977. Effects of high rates of nitrogen on neepawa wheat grown under irrigation. II. Milling and baking quality. Can J. Plant Sci. 57 : 337-350.https://doi.org/10.4141/cjps77-051
  37. Uauy, C., A. Distelfeld, T. Fahima, A. Blechl, and J. Dubcovsky. 2006. A NAC gene regulating senescence improves grain protein, zinc, and iron content in wheat. Science. 314 : 1298-1301.https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1133649
  38. Wang, X., M. He, F. Li, Y. Liu, H. Zhang, and C. Liu. 2008. Coupling effects of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on grain protein and starch quality of strong-gluten winter wheat. Frontiers of Agriculture in China. 2 : 274-280.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11703-008-0048-9
  39. Wieser, H. and W. Seilmeier. 1998. The influence of nitrogen fertilisation on quantities and proportions of different protein types in wheat flour. J. Sci. Food and Agri. 76 : 49-55.https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199801)76:1<49::AID-JSFA950>3.0.CO;2-2
  40. Xiong, F., X. Yu, L. Zhou, J. Zhang, Y. Jin, D. Li, and Z. Wang. 2014. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on distribution of starch granules in different regions of wheat endosperm. The Crop Journal. 2 : 46-54.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2013.11.005
  41. Xue, C., G. S. Erley, A. Rossmann, R. Schuster, P. Koehler, and K. Mühling. 2016. Split nitrogen application improves wheat baking quality by influencing protein composition rather than concentration. Front in Plant Sci. 7 : 738.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00738
  42. Zhang, W., X. Fan, Y. Gao, L. Liu, L. Sun, Q. Su, J. Han, N. Zhang, F. Cui, J. Ji, Y. Tong, and J. Li. 2017a. Chromatin modification contributes to the expression divergence of three TaGS2 homoeologs in hexaploid wheat. Sci. Reports. 7 : 44677.https://doi.org/10.1038/srep44677
  43. Zhang, Z., S. Xiong, Y. Wei, X. Meng, X. Wang, and X. Ma. 2017b. The role of glutamine synthetase isozymes in enhancing nitrogen use efficiency of N-efficient winter wheat. Sci. Reports 7 : 1000.https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01071-1
Information
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국작물학회
  • Journal Title :The Korean Journal of Crop Science
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국작물학회지
  • Volume : 63
  • No :3
  • Pages :229-238
  • Received Date :2018. 08. 14
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 08. 22