All Issue

2018 Vol.63, Issue 2 Preview Page
June 2018. pp. 164-173

Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration (CO2) is a major component of climate change, and this increase can be expected to continue into the crop and food security in the future. In this study, Soil-Plant-Atmosphere-Research (SPAR) chambers were used to examine the effect of elevated CO2, temperature, and drought on the canopy architecture and concentration of macronutrients in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). Drought stress treatments were imposed on potato plants 40 days after emergence. Under AT+2.8C700 (30-year average temperature + 2.8℃ at 700 μmol mol-1 of CO2), at maximum leaf area, elevated CO2, and no drought stress, a significant increase was observed in both the aboveground biomass and tuber, and for the developmental stage. Even though CO2 and temperature had increased, AT+2.8C700DS (30-year average temperature + 2.8℃ at 700 μmol mol-1 of CO2 under drought stress) under drought stress showed that the leaf area index (LAI) and dry weight were reduced by drought stress. At maturity, potatoes grown under CO2 enrichment and no drought stress exhibited significantly lower concentrations of N and P in their leaves, and of N, P, and K in tubers under AT+2.8C700. In contrast, elevated CO2 and drought stress tended to increase the tuber Mg concentration under AT+2.8C700DS. Plants grown in AT+2.8C700 had lower protein contents than plants grown under ATC450 (30-year average temperature at 400 μmol mol-1 of CO2). However, plants grown under AT+2.8C700 showed higher tuber bulking than those grown under AT+2.8C700DS. These findings suggest that the increase in CO2 concentrations and drought events in the future are likely to decrease the macronutrients and protein concentrations in potatoes, which are important for the human diet.

  1. Cao, W. X. and Tibbitts, T. W. 1997. Starch concentration and impact on specific leaf weight and element concentrations in potato leaves under aired carbon dioxide and temperature. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 20 : 87-881.10.1080/0190416970936530211541213
  2. Chaves, M., J. S. Pereira, J. Maroco, M. L. Rodrigues, C. P. P. Ricardo, M. L. Osorio, et al. 2002. How plants cope with water stress in the field. Photosynthesis and growth. Annals of Botany. 89 : 907-916. 10.1093/aob/mcf105PMC4233809
  3. Donnelly, A., T. Lawson, J. Craigon, C. R. Black, J. I. Colls, and G. Landon. 2001. Effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on tuber quality in potato (Solanum tuberosum L). Agriculture. Ecosystems and Environment. 87 : 273-285.10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00144-X
  4. Earth system research laboratory ESR Global monitoring division.
  5. Fangmeier, A., L. De. Temmerman, C. Black, K. Persson, and V. Vorne. 2002. Effects of elevated CO2 and /or ozone on nutrient concentrations and nutrient uptake of potatoes. European Journal of Agronomy. 17 : 353-368.10.1016/S1161-0301(02)00071-0
  6. Fleisher, D. H., D. J. Timlin, and V. R. Reddy. 2008a. Elevated carbon dioxide and water stress effects on potato canopy gas exchange, water use, and productivity. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 148 : 1109-112.10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.02.007
  7. Fleisher, D. H., D. J. Timlin, and V. R. Reddy. 2008b. Interactive effects of carbon dioxide and water stress on potato canopy growth and development. Agronomy Journal. 100 : 711-719.10.2134/agronj2007.0188
  8. Fleisher, D. H, J. Barnaby, R. Sicher, J. P. Resop, D. J. Timlin, and V. R. Reddy. 2013. Effects of elevated CO2 and cyclic drought on potato under varying radiation regimes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 171-172 : 270-280.10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.12.011
  9. Gifford, R. M., D. J. Barrrett, and J. Lutze. 2000. The effects of elevated (CO2) on the C:N and C:P mass rations of plant tissues. Plant and Soil. 224 : 1-14.10.1023/A:1004790612630
  10. Heagle, A. S., J. E. Miller, and W. A. Pursley. 2003. Atmospheric pollutants and trace gases. Journal Environment Quality. 32 : 1603-1610.10.2134/jeq2003.1603PMid:14535300
  11. Högy, P. and A. Fangmeier. 2009a. Atmospheric CO2 enrichment affects potatoes: 1. Aboveground biomass production and tuber yield. European Journal of Agronomy. 30 : 78-84 10.1016/j.eja.2008.07.00710.1016/j.eja.2008.07.006
  12. Högy, P. and A. Fangmeier. 2009b. Atmospheric CO2 enrichment affects potatoes: 2. Tuber quality traits. European Journal of Agronomy. 30 : 85-94. 10.1016/j.eja.2008.07.00610.1016/j.eja.2008.07.007
  13. Jang, H. L., J. Y. Hong, N. J. Kim, M. H. Kim, S. R. Shin, and K. Y. Yoon. 2011. Comparison of nutrient components and physicochemical properties of general and colored potato. Korean Journal of Horticultural Science Technology. 29 : 144-150.
  14. Jefferies, R. A. 1995. Physiology of crop response to drought. In Haverkort, AJ, MacKerron DKL (Eds). Potato Ecology and Modelling of Crops under Condition Limiting Growth. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 61-74.10.1007/978-94-011-0051-9_4
  15. Kimball, B. A., K. Kobayashi, and M. Bindi. 2002. Responses of agricultural crops to free-air CO2 enrichment. Advances in Agronomy. 77 : 293-368. 10.1016/S0065-2113(02)77017-X
  16. Kolbe, H. and S. Stephanbeckmann. 1997. Development, growth and chemical composition of the potato crop (Solanum tuberosum L)ⅡTuber and whole. Potato Research. 40 : 135-153.
  17. Lawlor, D. W. 2002. Limitation to photosynthesis in water stressed leaves: stomata vs. metabolism and the role of ATP. Annals of Botany. 89(7) : 871-885. 10.1093/aob/mcf11012102513PMC4233810
  18. Lisska, G. and Leszcyski, W. 1989. Potato science and technology. Elsevier Applied Science, New York
  19. Martin, B. and N. A. Ruiztorres. 1992. Effects of water-deficit stress on photosynthesis, its components and component limitations, and on water-use efficiency in wheat (triricum-aestivum L.). Plant Physiology. 100 : 733-739.10.1104/pp.100.2.73316653053PMC1075620
  20. Mcgrath, J. and D. Lobell. 2013. Reduction of transpiration altered nutrient allocation conttibute to nutrient decline of crops grown in elevated CO2 concentrations. Plant, Cell & Environ. 36 : 697-70510.1111/pce.1200722943419
  21. Myers, S. S., Zanobetti, I. Kloog, P. Huybers, A. D. B. Leakey, A. Blom, E. Carlisel, H. L. Dietterich, G Fitzgerald, T. Hasegawa, N. M. Holbrook, R. L. Nelson, M. J. Ottman, V. Raboy, H. Sakai, K. A. Sartor, J. Schwartz, S. Seneweera, M. Tausz, and Y. Usui. 2016. Rising CO2 threatens human nutrition. Nature. 510(7503) : 139-142.10.1038/nature1317924805231PMC4810679
  22. Pikki, K., V. Vorne, K. Ojanpere, and H. Pleijel. 2007. Impact of elevated O3 and CO2 exposure on potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv Bintje) tuber macronutrients (N, P, K, Mg, Ca). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 118 : 55-64.10.1016/j.agee.2006.04.012
  23. Reddy, K. R., H. F. Hodges, J. J. Red, J. M. Mckinion, J. T. Baker, L. Trapley, and V. R. Redd. 2001. Soil-plant-atmosphere- research (SPAR) facility: A tool for plant research and modelling. Biotronics. 30 : 27-50.
  24. Rolando, J. L., D. Raníez, W. Yactayo, P. Monneveux, and R. Quiroz. 2015. Leaf greenness as drought tolerance related trait in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany: 110 : 27-35.10.1016/j.envexpbot.2014.09.006
  25. Rykaczwska, K. 2015.The effect of high temperature occurring in subsequent stages of plant development yield and tuber physiological defects. American Journal Potato Research. 92 : 339-349. 10.1007/s12230-015-9436-x
  26. Schittenhenlm, S., H. Sourell, and F. J. Lopmeier. 2006. Drought resistance of potato cultivars with contrasting canopy architecture. European Journal of Agronomy. 24 : 193-202.10.1016/j.eja.2005.05.004
  27. Taub, D. R., B. Miller, and H. Allen. 2008. Effects of elevated CO2 on the protein concentration of food crops: a meta-analysis. Global change Biology. 14 : 565-575.10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01511.x
  28. Tindal, J. A., H. A, Mills, and D. E. Radcliffe. 1990. The effect of root zone temperature on nutrient uptake of tomato. Journal of Plant Nutrient 13 : 939-956.10.1080/01904169009364127
  29. Walworth, J. L. and D. E. Carling. 2002. Tuber initiation and development in irrigated and non-irrigated potatoes. Potato Research. 79 : 387-395. 10.1007/BF02871683
  30. Wegener, C. B., H. U. Jürgens, and G. Jansen. 2017. Drought stress affects nutritional and bioactive compounds in potatoes (Solanum tuberum L.) relevant to human health. Functional Foods in Health and Disease 7 : 17-35.
  31. Yamaguchi, M., H. Timm, and A. R. Spurr. 1964. Effects of soil temperature on growth and nutrition of potato plants and tuberization, composition and periderm structure of tubers. Journal for the American Society for Horticultural Science. 84 : 412-423.
  32. Ziska, L. and A. Crimmins. 2016. The impacts of climate change on human health in the United States, A scientific assessment, 7 food safety, nutrition, and distribution US. Global Change Research Program. 190-216
  • Publisher :The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국작물학회
  • Journal Title :The Korean Journal of Crop Science
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국작물학회지
  • Volume : 63
  • No :2
  • Pages :164-173
  • Received Date :2018. 03. 30
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 06. 11